Origin and distribution: The breed derives its name from the place called ‘Surat’ in Gujarat state of India where it is found in pure from. The population of the breed is very small and is one amongst endangered breed of Indian origin. It is distributed in adjoining areas around Surat and Nasik in Maharashtra. The Surti goats are very popular and maintained in small flocks ranging from 2-15 goats. The breed is most suited and performs well under stall fed conditions. They are maintained on extensive grazing but small holding are seen kept under intensive conditions and fed in stall. Surti is one of the most endangered goat breeds of Indian origin. Nimbkar (1993) discussed the home tract of the breed in Deccan plateau area.
Physical Characteristics:It is a small to medium sized goat with compact body. The coat colour is predominantly white having short and lustrous hairs. Very recently Deshpandey et al (2009) observed phenotypic traits and production performance of the breed in field conditions. They reported that 95.44% goats had white shiny coat colour while 4.56% animals were having light brownish tint.
The colour of skin, muzzle and hoof was pink in 76.05% and black in 23.95% animals. Ears are medium sized and kept drooping. Face profile is slightly raised, forehead prominent. Both sexes have horns of medium size directed upward and backward. Udder is well developed with large conical teats.
Performance: The average weight of male and female kids at birth, 3, 6 and 12 months were 2.36±0.06 and 2.22±0.05, 6.93±0.15 and 6.80±0.18, 11.07±0.20 and 10.80±0.26 and 17.20±0.64 and 16.16±0.69, respectively (Deshpandey et al, 2009). The average adult body weight of Surti male and female is ranging from 25-30 kg and 22-25 kg respectively. The age at first kidding vary from 400-500 days. The average daily milk yield varies from 1.2-2.0 kg/day under village conditions.